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In 1904 Bro. Denton "Cy" Young pitched baseball's first perfect game, not allowing a single opposition player to reach first base. Bro..Young's outstanding performance led the Boston Americans in a 3-0- victory over Philadelphia in the American League. The Cy Young Award for Pitching was named in his honor He was a member of Mystic Tie Lodge 194, Urichsville, OH, He died November 4, 1955, and was buried with his Masonic apron on.

In every year the city of Independence, MO. honors native son Bro. Harry S Truman by presenting the Harry S Truman Award for Public Service to an individual who best typifies and possesses the qualities of dedication , ability, honesty and integrity that distinguished the former US President, Bro. Harry S Truman. Ceremonies are held at the Harry S Truman Library at Independence.


In 1851, Inventor John Gorrie was granted a U.S. patent for an ice-making machine. Bro. Gorrie's invention was the first U.S. patent for mechanical refrigeration. His machine was initially designed for treating yellow fever. Bro. Gorrie is considered the father of refrigeration and air-conditioning: His statue appears in Statuary hall of the US Capitol. A bridge, a high school, a chapter of Order of Eastern Start, and a Liberty Ship were named in his honor. He was a physician by profession. He was a charter member of Franklin Lodge No. 6, Appalachia, Fl, and was later its secretary/treasurer.

In1856, born at Cresson, PA, was Bro. Robert E. Peary, who organized and led eight Arctic expeditions and is credited with discovering the North Pole on April 6, 1909. He was a member of the explorers lodge, Kane No. 454, New York City, to which he gave the Masonic flag which was displayed at Independence Bay, Greenland, May 20, 1895. On March 30, 1920, Kane Lodge presented his widow with a special medal in honor of her distinguished husband. Bro. Peary also presented two specimens of the great meteorite he found during his explorations to the New York Grand Lodge of Masons . Bro. Peary died February 20, 1920.


In 1789 the first Inaugural Ball for America's first President, Bro. George Washington, and his wife, Martha, was held in New York City.

In 1824, (Bro.) Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 in D minor was performed for the first time in Vienna, Austria. Known as the "Choral" for its use of voices in symphonic form, Symphony No. 9 was Beethoven's musical interpretation of Bro. Freidrich Schiller's "Ode to Joy." The German composer was completely deaf when he wrote the symphony. We put (Bro.) in parenthesis to indicate some doubt exists as to whether the composer was really a Mason.

In 1975, US President and Bro. Gerald R. Ford declared an end to the Vietnam Era. In Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon, the VietCong celebrated its takeover.

In after the opening of the 2001 New York Grand Lodge Convention the Grand Lodge Distinguished Achievement Award was presented to Dr. Charles Antzelevitch, Execute director of the Masonic Medical Research Laboratory. The Masonic Medical Research Laboratory (MMRL) is a not-for-profit corporation founded by the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of New York.S upported by bequests from the general public and volunteer contributions, the Laboratory also obtains funding through foundation, corporate and Federal grants. The MMRL is a state-of-the-art basic medical research facility that is engaged in studies involving major health issues facing society today. Its mission is to provide the building blocks of knowledge needed for the medical cures and treatments of tomorrow and to educate and train future scientists. The MMRL is internationally prominent, especially in the area of experimental cardiology. It has consistently rated in the top 10% in competition for Federal grants from National Institutes of Health (NIH). Other studies include Molecular Biology. The Laboratory's research findings appear in the most prestigious scientific medical journals. Members of the scientific staff are frequently invited to speak at regional, national and international symposia.


In 1792, Bro. and President George Washington signed an act that authorized the mint of the first U.S. copper coins. Individuals involved in using coins other than the legal cents and half-cents would be penalized with a $10 fine. These coins were the predecessors of today's pennies.

In 1828 was born at Geneva, Switzerland, Bro.; Jean Henri Dunant, author, philanthropist, and founder in 1863 of the Red Cross Society, for which he won the Nobel Prize in 1901. A Mason who devoted his entire fortune to charity and good works, World Red Cross Day was created to commemorate the birth of the Mason who founded the Red Cross Society, and of the society's humanitarian work worldwide.

In 1884 at Lamar, MO was born Bro. Harry S Truman who was to become the 33rd President of the US. succeeding to that office on the death of Bro. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, April 12, 1945. He served until January 20 , 1953. Bro. Truman was the last of nine uS Presidents who did not attend college His birthday is a holiday in Missouri. He was raised March 18, 1909 in Belton Lodge No. 450, Grandview, MO. The following year he became Junior Warden but when Belton Lodge separated to form a new Lodge, Grandview 618, Bro. Truman was made the first Master. After World War I he returned to become District Deputy Grand Lecturer and District Deputy Grand Master of the 59th Masonic District. In 1930 he became Grand Pursuant. In September, 1940, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and a few weeks later, US Senator from Missouri. Bro. Truman died at Kansas City, MO. December 26, 1972.


In 1800, in Torrington, CT, was born abolitionist leader to be, Bro. John Brown. He was leader of an attack on Harper's Ferry, October 16, 1859, intended to give impetus to the movement for the escape and freedom for slaves. His aim was frustrated and he was hanged December 2, 1859, at Charles Town WV. Bro. Brown was raised in Hudson Lodge No. 68, Hudson, OH, on May 11, 1859, serving as Junior Deacon, 1825-26. Shortly after 1826, he moved to Pennsylvania and with the Anti-Masonic movement, renounced Freemasonry, though his son, Bro. John Brown, Jr. became a Freemason and at his death, was buried with Masonic honors.

In 1926, Americans Bro. Richard Byrd and pilot Floyd Bennett became the first men to fly over the North Pole. Their privately financed expedition circled the Pole several times in brilliant sunlight in a flight that lasted 15 hours and 51 minutes. Their observations verified America's claim to the Pole that was announced 17 years earlier by Admiral and Bro. Richard A. Peary and his co-explorer, Bro. Matthew Henson.

MAY 10

In 1850 at Glascow, Scotland, was born Bro. Thomas Johnstone Lipton, Scottish Merchant who founded Lipton, Ltd. In 1898, a company known for its tea, coffee and soups,. A famous merchant, he was equally famous as a yachtsman, having raced his yacht, Shamrock in the America's Cup five times between 1899 and 1930. He was knighted in 1898 and made a baronet in 1902. Bro. Lipton was initiated in Scotia Lodge 178, Glascow, Scotland, in 1870. He died October 2, 1931 in London.

MAY 11

In 1888, born at Tyumen, Russia was Israel Isidore Baline who became Irving Berlin when he moved to New York City with his family at age 4. After the death of his father he began singing in saloons and street corners to help the family finances and as a teenager, worked as a singing waiter. He became one of America's most prolific songwriters with such songs as: Alexander's Rag Time Band; White Christmas; God Bless America; There's No Business Like Show Business; Puttin' on the Ritz; Blue Skies, Oh, How I Hate to Get Up In The Morning and many others. He could neither read nor write music. Bro. Berlin died September 22, 1989 at New York City at age 101. He was made a Mason at Munn Lodge No. 190, New York City and was active in both the Scottish Rite and as a Shrine Mason. The entire royalties for God Bless America he gave to the Boy Scouts, and those from several other songs to a charity for deprived youth.

MAY 12

In 1926:(Bro.) Roald Amundsen of Norway crossed the North Pole in an Airship with, Italian Umberto Nobile, and American Lincoln Ellsworth. When crossing the North Pole they dropped flags from Norway, Italy, and the United States. Some believe that they were actually the first ones to reach the North Pole, despite the claims by Bros. Robert Peary and Richard Byrd that they had been the first to arrive there. While (Bro.) Amundsen was reputed to have been a Mason the name of his Lodge is unknown.

In 1932 the body of Bro. Charles Lindbergh's son was found. Charles Jr. was 20 months old when he was kidnapped from the Lindbergh's home in New Jersey more than two months earlier. Lindbergh and his wife Anne had paid $50,000 in ransom. The child was found d in the woods near the house. A two year hunt for the murderer ensued. Arrested and charged was 35-year-old Bronx carpenter Bruno Richard Hauptmann. The trial that followed created a world-wide sensation ending with Hauptman's execution in the electric chair.

In 1937, Bro. George VI (Bro. Albert Windsor) was crowned King of England, following the abdication of his brother Bro. Edward VIII. His coronation was the first ceremony of this magnitude to be televised. The actions of Bro. and King George VI and the royal family during World War II were perceived as courageous by their English subjects, George VI remained king until his death in 1952: He was initiated in Naval Lodge No. 2612 in December, 1919. In 1922 he was appointed Senior Grand Warden of the United Grand Lodge of England, and in 1924, Provincial Grand Master for Middlesex. In 1936, he became Grand Master Mason of Scotland and affiliated with the lodge of Glamis, Scotland. He was a very active Mason in his life. Said he of Masonry: " The world today does require spiritual and moral regeneration. I have no doubt, after many years as a member of our Order, that Freemasonry can play a most important part in this vital need."

MAY 13

In 1842 in London, England, was the English composer best known for his light operas, Bro. Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan. He is remembered for his collaboration with Bro. Sir .W.S. Gilbert in the Savoy Operas. But he also composed overtures, oratorios, a Te Deum, and the music for such songs and hymns as The Lost Chord, and Onward Christian Soldiers. He was Grand Organist for the United Grand Lodge of England. in the Jubilee Year, 1887. He died in London, November 22, 1900.

In 1846, US President and Bro. James Polk asked Congress to Declare War on Mexico. By a joint resolution of Congress the United States formally declared war on Mexico. According to Bro. Polk, Mexico initiated the war with an attack on US troops on territory south of the Nueces river in Texas.

By 1938 Bro. Louis Armstrong was already a nationally famous jazz cornet and trumpet player, singer, and bandleader. Having brought New Orleans-style jazz to an unprecedentedly wide audience, he had almost single-handedly transformed the music from a group form into an art for the individual soloist. On May 13 of that year, in a studio session in New York, Bro. Louis Armstrong and his ten-piece orchestra recorded a jazz arrangement of the religious song, "When the Saints Go Marching In." Enormously popular, the tune became a jazz standard, as well as one of Bro. Armstrong's signature songs. The recording captured the exuberance and technical virtuosity of Bro. Armstrong's unique trumpet style. Bro. Louis Armstrong's Masonic affiliation was Prince Hall.

MAY 14

In 1796, Bro. Edward Jenner, a physician in rural England, successfully found a cure for smallpox. Bro. Jenner had spent two decades studying reports of dairy farmers who seemed to become immune to smallpox because of exposure to cowpox, a related but milder disease. Bro. Jenner injected cowpox in a healthy 8-year-old boy who subsequently developed cowpox. Six weeks later, Bro. Jenner injected the boy with Smallpox. He remained healthy. Bro. Jenner called this new procedure vaccination, from vaccine, another term for cowpox. Within 18 months, 12,000 people in England had been vaccinated and the number of smallpox deaths dropped by two-thirds. Jenner's development of a vaccine eventually led to the complete eradication of smallpox worldwide. Bro. Jenner was a member of Royal Faith and Friendship Lodge No. 2780, Berkeley, England, in which he served a term as Master (1811-13). He died in 1822.

In 1804 Bro. Meriwether Lewis and Captain and Bro. William Clark left St. Louis, MO to begin their search for a route to the Pacific Ocean as charged by President Thomas Jefferson. They arrived at the Pacific coast of Oregon in November, 1805, and returned to St. Louis, September 23, 1806. Bro. Lewis was a member of Door to Virtue Lodge No. 44. Albemarle County, VA.. That Lodge went out of existence in 1801 and is believed that Bro. Lewis, along with many others, transferred to Widow's Son Lodge No. 60, Charlottesville, VA. He died of gunshot wounds, October 8, 1809. It is not known whether he was robbed, killed or had committed suicide. He had long been subject to attacks of depression and hypochondria. Bro. William Clark was a member of St. Louis Lodge No. 111 (under Pennsylvania Charter).; He died September 1, 1838, in St. Louis, and was buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery there with Masonic honors. A large monument with the square and compasses stands over his grave.

In 1897, Bro. John Philip Sousa's march, "The Stars and Stripes Forever" was performed for the first time at Philadelphia, PA. The occasion was the unveiling of a statue of Bro. George Washington and US President and Bro. William McKinley was present. In 1997, the US Postal Service issued a stamp commemorating the 100th anniversary of the premiere of the stirring march. Bro. Sousa probably had a greater influence on martial music than any other composer or band leader. In 1985, a bill was introduced in Congress to make "The Stars and Stripes Forever" the official national march of the United States. He was a member of Hiram Lodge No. 10, Washington, DC, a member of Eureka Chapter No. 4, (RAM), Columbia Commandery No. 2 (K/T), and a member of the Almas Shrine Temple, all of Washington, DC. At the time of his death he had been a Mason more than 50 years. Masonic services were conducted by his lodge at the Congressional Cemetery after he died March 6, 1932.

MAY 15


MAY 16

In 1862 General and Bro. Benjamin Butler, military governor of New Orleans, issued what became known as the "Women's" Order." The text of General Order No. 28 read in part: "As the officers and soldiers of the United States have been subjected to repeated insults from women (calling themselves ladies) of New Orleans...when any female contempt for the United States, she shall be regarded as as woman of the town plying her avocation." The order set the stage for his dismissal by General U .S. Grant as military governor in December, 1862. He was a member of Pentucket Lodge, Lowell, MA, Mt. Horeb Chapter, and Pilgrim Commandery. He was made a 33 degree Honorary of the AASR (NJ) on March 16, 1864.

In 1868, the US Senate failed by one vote to convict Bro. Andrew Johnson, then President of the US, as it took its first ballot on one of 11 articles of impeachment against him. His close association with Freemasonry was one of the factors that led to his impeachment trial. Thaddeus Stevens, the anti-Mason, was a ringleader in the impeachment proceedings against Bro. Johnson. Bro. Johnson died July 31, 1875. He was a member of Greeneville Lodge No. 119, Greenveille, TN. He was also a Knight Templar and belonged to the Scottish Rite.

MAY 17

In 1749 was born at Berkeley, England, the English physician who was to establish a scientific basis for his work on smallpox, Bro. Edward Jenner.. Bro. Jenner had spent two decades studying reports of dairy farmers who seemed to become immune to smallpox because of exposure to cowpox, a related but milder disease. Bro. Jenner injected cowpox in a healthy 8-year-old boy who subsequently developed cowpox. Six weeks later, Bro. Jenner injected the boy with Smallpox. He remained healthy. Bro. Jenner called this new procedure vaccination, from vaccine, another term for cowpox. Within 18 months, 12,000 people in England had been vaccinated and the number of smallpox deaths dropped by two-thirds. Bro. Jenner was a member of Royal Faith and Friendship Lodge No. 2780, Berkeley, England, in which he served a term as Master (1811-13). He died in 1822.

In 1954 the US Supreme Court ruled unanimously that segregation of public schools "solely on the basis of race" denied black children "equal educational opportunity," even if physical facilities and 'tangible factors' may have been equal. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously voted to end racial segregation in public schools. The Court's decision came as a result of Brown v. the Board of Education case, in which the lead plaintiff's daughter, Linda Brown, was denied entrance into an all-white elementary school because she was African American. The case was argued before the court by Prince Hall Mason Bro. Thurgood Marshall, who would go on to become the first Black to be appointed to the US Supreme Court.

MAY 18

In 1291 Acre, the last major Christian stronghold in what is today Israel, was captured by Muslim troops. Sultan Al-Ashraf Khalil, son of Qalawun, led troops from Egypt and Syria to isolate Acre. After several weeks of siege, the city was finally occupied by the sultan's troops and the leaders of the Templars beheaded, ending their base in the Holy Land since the Order was founded during the First Crusade. For them life could not be darker, but that was because these forerunners of modern Masonry could not foresee the tragedies and tortures that would be heaped upon them just a few years later by King Philip IV of France and Pope Clement V.

MAY 19

In 1895, Cuban writer and poet Bro. Jose Julian Marti was killed by Spanish troops during a pro independence battle. Bro. Marti, one of Cuba's best-known intellectuals, wrote about the injustices of colonialism and the importance of "Panamericanism," a movement that sought Latin American social and political unity. Bro. Marti was born January 28, 1853, ion Havana. A lawyer b profession earl in his lie he became interested in Cuban independence from Spain, which resulted in his deportation. When the revolution broke to in 1895, he returned to Cuba with a small op[ of companions to command the rebel troops. His small force was ambushed by a Spanish force and his en ire c contingent met death on his day. He ranks today as one of Cuba's greatest heroes. His birthday is commemorated every year by Cuban Freemasons. A status in his honor stands in Central Park of Havana, and in 1950 the Masons of Cuba organized a parade of 6,000 in tribute to him as a Mason and national hero. On October 24, 1953, Mahi Shrine Temple held its ceremonial in Havana, naming it after Bo. Joseph Marti International Ceremonial.

In 1943, in an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister and Bro. Winston Churchill pledged to US and President, Bro. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, his country's full support in the war against Japan.

MAY 20

In 1902 Bro. Tomas Estrada Palma became the first President of the Republic of Cuba, when the country was turned back to its people by the Bro. Theodore Roosevelt administration,. . He was a Cuban patriot who joined other Cuban Masons such as Bro. Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, and Bro. Ignacio Agramonte y Loinez, in the war which followed the declaration of independence on October 10, 1868. Bro. Palma was reelected in 1906 but petty politics cased internal strife and he appealed to the US for help. The US again took over in 1908. Bro. Palma was initiated in a Lodge in Bayamo, Cuba, in 1868.

In 1927, Bro. Charles Lindbergh, barely 25 years old, took off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, NY, aboard the Spirit of St. Louis to begin his historic solo flight to France. 3,600 miles and 33 and a half hours later he descended quietly onto a runway at Le Bourget Field in Paris. :Well, I made it," said the quiet Midwesterner before he was mobbed and carried off by an ecstatic crowd gathered to greet him. The lanky flier won a hotly contested $25,000-prize for his non-stop effort but seemed surprised by the worldwide adulation his flight generated. His main goal, he said, was to further aviation. Bro. Lindbergh was raised at Keystone Lodge No. 243, St. Louis, MO. He was also a member of St. Louis Chapter No. 33, National Sojourners, and of the Scios of San Diego, CA. On the flight to Paris he wore the square and compasses on his jacket as a good luck charm, and his plane also bore a Masonic tag from his Lodge. He died in 1974.

MAY 21

In 1471, born at Nuremberg, Germany, was Bro. Albrecht Durer, German painter and engraver, one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance. He is regarded as the inventor of etching. One of his copper plate engravings entitled "Melancholy" has been suggested as Masonic in origin, and indicates that Durer was familiar with the fraternity at the time, and believed a member of the Nuremberg Lodge. It was at this time that Emperor Maximilian was patron and honorary member of the Lodge. Durer as court painter would likely have been associated with that pre United Grand Lodge of England lodge. Bro. Lee Miller reports that one of his copper plate engravings entitled "Melancholy" has been suggested as Masonic in origin, and indicates that Durer was familiar with the fraternity at the time. Bro. Durer died at Nuremberg April 6, 1528.

MAY 22

In 1859 at Edinburgh. Scotland, the English physician who was to become Bro. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, novelist and detective story writer, best remembered as the creator of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson. Bro. Doyle was deeply interested in, and lectured, on the subject of spiritualism. He was raised in Phoenix Lodge No. 257, Portsmouth in 1893. He died at Crowborough, Sussex, England, July 7, 1930.

In 1947, the US furnished aid to Greece and Turkey and the US Congress approved the Truman Doctrine, named after its originator, Bro. Harry S Truman, then US President. A corollary of this plan was the Marshall Plan, developed by Secretary of State Bro.. George C. Marshall, which began sending aid to war-torn European countries in 1948.

MAY 23

In 1734, at Iznang, Swabia, Germany, was born the German physician who would invent Mesmerism, a form of magnetism and hypnotism he would use to cure disease. It was while in France that he became a member of Philadelphia Lodge at Nobonne. He established a Society there which he called the "Order of Universal Harmony," based on the principles of animal magnetism. He died in obscurity March 15, 1815, at Meersburgh, Swabia, Germany.

In 1785, in a letter to a friend, Benjamin Franklin revealed his most recent invention: spectacles of two thicknesses. Franklin needed special glasses that allowed him to see near and far. To solve the problem, he had two pairs of spectacles cut in half; he put half of each lens in a single frame, and the first bifocals were born.

MAY 24


MAY 25


MAY 26

In 1886 was born at St. Petersburg, Russia, Asa Yoelson, the Mason, actor and singer who became internationally known as Al Jolson. Bro. Jolson was known for his blackface minstrel songs and became famous as the star of the first talking motion picture, " The Jazz Singer (1927)." He was a member of St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York City where he was raised July 1, 1913. Bro. Jolson died October 23, 1950, in San Francisco after retrying from, entertaining American troops in Japan and Korea.

MAY 27

In 1941, amid rising world tensions, President and Bro. Franklin Roosevelt proclaimed an "unlimited national emergency." The move followed the deliberate sinking by German U -boat U-69 of the unarmed American freighter Robert Moore. In a message to Congress Bro. Roosevelt proclaimed an unlimited national emergency while accusing Germany of having become "an international outlaw.

MAY 28

In 1738 at Saines, France, was born Bro. Joseph Ignace Guillotin, the French physician and member of the Constituent Assembly, who urged the use of a machine - sometimes called "the Maiden" - for the execution of death sentences. He believed this a less painful, more certain way of dispatching those sentenced to death The guillotine was first used in April 25, 1792, for the execution of a highwayman, Nicholas Jacques Pelletier. Though the machine was named after him It is neither true that he invented it or met his death by it, as often stated. Bro. Guillotin was one of the founders of the Grand Orient of France, and was first the orator of the Chamber of the provinces, becoming president on October 27, 1775. He was Master of Concorde Fraternelle Lodge of Paris, as well as a member of the famous Lodge of the Nine Sisters. In 1784, he was on the same committee with Bro. Benjamin Franklin and Bro. Sylvain Bailey, a French astronomer, to report on the animal magnetism clams of Bro. Anton Mesmer. He died March 26, 1814 in Paris.

In 1972, the Duke of Windsor, and Freemason, who had abdicated the English throne as Edward VIII to marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson, died in Paris at age 77. His full name was Bro. Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David. Before ascending the throne he was Prince of Wales, and after abdication, Duke of Windsor. Bro. Edward was initiated by HRH Bro. Arthur, Duke of Connault and Strathearn, on May 2, 1909, in the Household Brigade Lodge No. 2614- one of the Lodges wherein the Grand Master is permanent Master. He was appointed Senior Warden in 1920 and elected Deputy Grand Master in 1921. On October 25, he was installed as Senior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of England in Royal Albert Hall in the presence of nearly 9,000 Brethren. He was named Provincial Grand Master for Surrey on July 22, 1924, and Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England in 1936. He also served as Grand Superintendent of Royal Arch Masonry for Surrey and held an Honorary 33 degree in the Supreme Council, Scottish Rite of England.

MAY 29

In 1736, born at Studley, VA, was American Revolutionary leader and orator Bro. Patrick Henry . History remembers Bro. Henry for his speech on march 23, 1775, at St. John's Church in Richmond ,VA calling for the arming of the Virginia militia. That's when he said: "I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death." Records are lost but he was believed to have been a member of Tappahannock Lodge of Virginia.

In 1866, US President and Bro. Andrew Johnson, issued a proclamation giving a general amnesty to all who participated in the rebellion against the United States. High ranking members of the Confederate government and military and those who owned more than $20,000 in property were excepted and had to apply individually to the President for a pardon. Once an oath of allegiance was taken, all former property rights, except those in slaves, were returned to their former owners.

MAY 30

In 1922 Chief Justice and Bro. William Howard Taft. dedicated the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. Bro. Taft had been the 27th President of the US. He was made a Mason "at sight" on June 18, 1909, by Grand Master Charles S. Hoskinson. He became affiliated with Kilwinning Lodge No. 356 on April 14, at Cincinnati, OH, then made Honorary member of Crescent Lodge No. 25, Cedar Rapids, IA.

MAY 31

In 1790 Bro. George Washington, first President of the United States of America, signed the new nation's first copyright law. It gave protection for 14 years to books written by US citizens. In 1891, the law was extended to cover books by foreign authors as well.

In 1801 Ordo ab Chao, Founding of the The Supreme Council, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction, USA.

In 1898, at Bowerville, OH, was born American religious leader Bro. Norman Vincent Peale was best known for his 1952 book, "The Power of Positive Thinking," which combined religion with psychiatry. He served for many. many years as a Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New York and he was an outstanding spokesperson on behalf of Free Masonry. He was a minister at the Marble Collegiate Church at New York, NY, and served as President of the Council of Churches. He was a member of Milbourne Lodge No. 1062, Brooklyn, NY. In 1972 he received New York Grand lodge's Distinguished Achievement Award.

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