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THE HIDDEN POWER BEHIND FREEMASONRY
A FORMER HIGH RANKING MASON LOOKS AT FREEMASONIC SYMBOLISM
Lt. Col. Gordon "Jack" Mohr
From here on, we will get into the heart of FREEMASONRY, and there will be many of the Masonic members of the lower orders who will be furious by what they will believe to be a senseless expose of their Lodge and a revelation of its secrets. But the high ranking Mason who reads this, although he will be furious over it, will recognize the truth, even though he refuses to admit it. If I reach only one member of FREEMASONRY with the truth, the effort taken to write this book will be worth it. It is not written as a means of hurting any good person, but to expose a very present danger to those of us who are White Christians who love our country. This chapter will come from a brochure I received from J. Edward Decker, Jr., who works with an organization called FREE THE MASONS MINISTRIES. You can contact him at P.O. Box 1077, Issaquah, WA 98027. He would be most interested in corresponding with members of the Masonic Lodge, who may be concerned with what they have seen happen within their Lodge.
The question of the Christian stand regarding Freemasonry seems to confront our ministry at every turn lately, because I have seen the exact parallels of the Masonic legends and rituals carried throughout the "mysteries" of Mormonism and have studied deeply into Masonic origins, purposes and doctrines.
In doing so, I have had to come to grips with the sad fact that the esoteric doctrines of Freemasonry separate it, just as unequivocally as do those of Mormonism, from the Christian theology. This holds true of every branch of Masonry, from the Shriners to the Blue Lodge, the Eastern Star, the Demolay, Job's Daughters and the Rainbow Girls! It holds true for the Scottish rite or the York rite!
I realize this will cause offense to many Masons, and for that I am truly sorry. But I would rather that the Masons be offended at me and then be resorted to true fellowship with Jesus Christ than to remain silent any longer.
This word of warning is not to the Masonic Fraternity at large, but to those Masons who claim to be both Masons and Christians.
A recent newspaper insert, called FREEMASONRY - A WAY OF LIFE! appeared in many metropolitan areas. It pictured Freemasonry as a family-centered, fraternal, benevolent organization, as "American as apple pie!"
Not only does this article demonstrate the strength of Freemasonry among our political leaders (Both past and present), but makes much of its use of the Holy Bible and its foundational belief in God. Masonry has a strong representation in Christian denominations throughout the world. In many churches we visit, we find Masons involved as deacons, elders, board members, and even pastors.
Their claim and the claim of every Mason to the outside world is that Masonry and Christianity are totally compatible. They tell me that religion is the experience of relating to God, and Masonry the experience of relating to mankind. While separate, they can and do naturally coexist.
The article mentioned above explains its "religious" position this way. Masonry is NOT a religion in any sense of the word, yet it is religious. Church membership is not a requirement, yet membership in ANY is no bar to admission. There is nothing in the requirements of Masonry to prevent a Catholic, a Mohammedan, a Jew, a Buddhist, a Protestant, a Mormon, or any member of any religion from becoming a member.
On the surface, this might seem quite reasonable. I find no offense in being involved in social, civic and benevolent activities with people of other religious backgrounds
But when it comes to my own personal worship of God, and His revelation to me of His Word, there are some very clear guidelines.
If Freemasonry is truly what it professes publicly, then "Bravo!" It is a welcomed 'fellowship! If it is being deceptive, then it should be exposed. It is that simple.
Let's see what Masonry TRULY teaches within its closed doors, through its own published documents. No "anti-Masonic" publications will be cited in explaining the TRUE Masonic theological position.
The key document from which I quote is the most readily available and universally approved doctrinal book of Freemasonry, MORALS AND DOGMA OF THE ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE OF FREEMASONRY, by Albert Pike, Grand Commander (1859-1891). Its title page states that it was prepared for the "Supreme Council of the 33 o and Published by its Authority." Originally published in 1871, I will use the 1966 edition. Except where other sources are noted, I cite page numbers only when using this work. Emphasis within parenthesis are my own.
MASONRY DESCRIBED -
CUSTODIAN OF TRUTH
(Masonry) . "The custodial and depository (since Enoch) of the great philosophical and religious truths, unknown to the world at large, and handed down from age to age by an unbroken current of tradition, embodied in symbols, emblems and allegories" (pg. 210). (This seems almost identical to what TALMUDIC JUDAISM teaches and what Jesus criti-cized the Pharisees of when He accused them of "Making the commandments of God of none effect by their traditions" [Matt. 15:6] -ED).
"Masonry is, in every sense of the word, except one, and that its least philosophical, an eminently religious institution - that it is indebted solely to the religious element which it contains for its origin and for its continued existence and that without this religious element it would scarcely be worth cultivation by the wise and good.
"Freemasonry is NOT Christianity nor a substitute for it ... But the religion of Masonry is not sectarian. It admits men of every creed within its hospitable bosom, rejecting none and approving none for his particular faith... Masonry, then, is, indeed, a religious institution; and on this ground mainly, if not alone, should the religious Mason defend it."1
THE FOUNDATION OF RELIGION
"It (Masonry) is the universal, eternal, immutable religion, such as God planted in the heart of universal humanity. No creed has ever been long-lived that was not built on this foundation. It is the base and they are the superstructure" (pg. 219).
TEMPLE OF RELIGION
"Every Masonic Temple is a Temple of Religion, and its teachings are instruction in religion" (pg. 213).
BUDDHA THE FIRST LEGISLATURE
"The first Masonic legislator whose memory is preserved for us by history, was Buddha, who, about a thousand years before the Christian era, reformed the religion of Manous" (pg. 277).
REVERENCES ALL REFORMERS
"It (Masonry) reverences all the great reformers. It sees in Moses, the lawgiver of the Jews (there were no people called Jews until 750 years after the time of Moses, see 2 Kings 16:6), where they first appeared in Scripture - ED.), in Confucius and Zoroaster, in Jesus of Nazareth, and in the Arabian Iconoclast, great teachers of morality and eminent reformers if no more; and allows every brother of the order to assign to each such higher and even divine characteristics as his creed and truth requires" (pg. 525).
NOT CREED - BOUND
"The true Mason is not creed-bound. He realizes with the divine illumination of his lodge that as a Mason his religion must be universal: Christ, Buddha, or Mohammed, the name means little, for he recognizes only the light and not the bearer. ("No man cometh unto the Father but by me," Jesus said, and we read in 1 John 2:23 - "Whosoever denieth the Son (Jesus) hath not the Father..." -ED.) He worships at every shrine, bows before every altar, whether in temple, mosque or cathedral, realizing with his truer understanding the oneness of all spiritual truth."2
"Masonry, around whose altars the Christian, Hebrew, the Moslem, the Brahmin, the followers of Confucius and Zoroaster, can assemble as brethren and unite in prayer to one God who is above ALL the Baalim, leaves it to each of its initiates to look for the foundation of his faith and hope to the written scriptures of his own religion" (pg. 226).
The word "Baalim" is simply defined as "false god or idol." The Masonic author has included the God of the Christian in this category.
THE SURFACE OF ALL GOOD
"Everything good in nature comes from OSIRIS -order, harmony, and the favorable temperature of the seasons and celestial periods" (pg. 476).
Osiris was the ancient Egyptian god whose annual death and resurrection personified the self-renewing vitality and fertility of nature. "The All Seeing Eye" is a Masonic representation of Osiris.
MASONRY CONCEALS ITS TRUTHS
"Masonry, like all the religions, all the Mysteries, hermeticism and Alchemy, CONCEALS its secrets from all except the Adepts and Sages, or the Elect, and uses false explanations and misrepresentations of its symbols to mislead those who deserve to be misled; to conceal Truth, which it call Light, from them, and to draw them away from it. (Compare this statement, with the one made previearey by the Masonic authority who stated, "Masonry is not secret - ED)
Truth is not for those who are unworthy, or unable to receive it, or would pervert it" (pp. 105-106).
THE BLUE LODGE TO BE DECEIVED!
"The Blue Lodge Degrees are but the outer court of the Temple. Part of the symbols are displayed to the Initiate, but he is intentionally misled by false interpretations. It is not intended that he shall understand them, but it is intended that he shall imagine he understands them" (pg. 819).
(Remember now, this information comes from one of the most famous Masonic Leaders of modern times and is a plain admission that the Lodge deliberately misleads the men who are in the lower orders - ED.)
WORSHIPFUL MASTER - THE SOURCE OF LIGHT
"Worshipful Master: The Head and Chief ofled" Lodge, the Source of Light, of Knowledge and the instruction in Masonry. He personifies the Sublime Art of Masonry and is the Spokesman thereof."3
OBEDIENCE THE FIRST RULE
"The first duty of every Mason is to obey the Mandate of the Master ... The order must at once be obeyed; its character and its consequences may be matters of subsequent inquiry. The Masonic rule of obedience is like the nautical, imperative 'Obey order, even if you break owners."'4
THE INCOMPREHENSIBLE BIBLE!
"The teachers, even of Christianity, are, in general, the most ignorant of the true meaning of that which they teach. There is no book of which so little is known as the Bible. To most who read it, it is as incomprehensible as the Sohar" (pg. 105).
THE INCOMPLETE BIBLE
"All truly dogmatic religions have issued from the Kabalah and return to it.
(Jewish occult books found in the Talmud - ED.) Everything scientific and grand in the religious dreams of the Illumaniti, Jacob Boehme, Swedenborg, Saint-Martin, and others, is borrowed from the Kabalah; all the Masonic associations owe to it their secrets and their symbols.
"The Kabahal alone consecrates the Alliance of the Universal Reason and the Divine Word.
"The Bible with all the allegories it contains, expresses, in an incomplete and veiled manner only, the religious science of the Hebrews. The doctrine of Moses and the Prophets, identical at bottom with that of the ancient Egyptians, also had its outward meaning and veils.
"The Hebrew books were written only to recall to memory the traditions; and they were written in symbols unintelligent to the profane ... thus was a second Bible born, unknown to, or rather uncomprehended by, the Christians; a collection, they say, of monstrous absurdities.
"One is filled with admiration, on penetrating into the Sanctuary of the Kabalah, at seeing the doctrine so logical, so simple and at the same time so absolute" (pp. 744 -745). (The "KABALAH" is a book of ancient Jewish mysticism and magic.)
DEITIES OF MASONRY (THE ENERGIES OF LUCIFER)
"When the Mason learns that the Key to the warrior on the block is the proper application of the dynamo of living power, he has learned the Mystery of his Craft. The seething energies of LUCIFER are in his hands and before he may step onward and upward, he must prove his ability to properly apply (this) energy.5
LUCIFER IS GOD!
"That which we must say to the crowd is - We worship a god, but it is the god that one adores without superstition.
"To you, Sovereign Grand Inspectors General, we say this, that you may repeat it to the Brethren of the 32nd, 31st, and 30tho - The Masonic Religion should be, by all of us initiates of the high degrees, maintained in the purity of the LUCIFERIAN DOCTRINE
"If Lucifer were not God, would Adonay (the God of the Christians) whose deeds prove his cruelty, perfidy and hatred of man, barbarism and repulsion of science, would Adonay and His priests, calumniate him?
"Yes, LUCIFER IS GOD, and unfortunately, ADONAY is also God. For the eternal law is that there is no light without shade, no beauty without ugliness, no white without black, for the absolute can only exist as two gods:. darkness is necessary for light to serve as its foil as the pedestal is necessary to the statute, and the brake to the locomotive.
"Thus, the doctrine of SATANISM is heresy; and the true and pure philosophical religion is the belief in LUCIFER, the equal of ADONAY (Christ); but LUCIFER, GOD OF LIGHT and GOD OF GOOD, is struggling for humanity against ADONAY, the God of Darkness and Evil."6
The Word of God, the Bible, clearly puts LUCIFER in his proper place and gives God's reasons:
Isaiah 14:12 - 15
Masonic ritual is connected with the recovery of the "Lost Word," presumed to be the name of God - supposedly lost through the murder of the architect, Hiram Abiff, during the building of Solomon's Temple. This quest is attained during the ritual of the ROYAL ARCH DEGREE. It is here that the SACRED NAME of the DEITY OF MASONRY is revealed. That name is JAOBULON, JAO is the Greek word for JEHOVAH, BUL is a rendering of the name, BAAL, ON is the term used in the Babylonian mysteries to call upon the deity OSIRIS.
The secret ritual of the craft prints the letters J.B.O. It states: "We three do meet and agree-in peace, love and unity-the Sacred Word to keep-and never to divulge the same-until we three, or three such as we, do meet and agree." Thus, no Royal Arch Mason can pronounce the whole sacred name by himself!
What you see represented, then as the god of Freemasonry, is a three-headed monster so remote from the Christian Trinity and so blasphemous as to damn the eternal soul of anyone who would dare to pronounce its name in a ritual of worship!
Illustration of the Royal Arch
GOD OF THE MYSTIC SHRINE
The candidates for this ritual kneel at the alter of obligation with arms bound, leaning upon the top, heads bowed. There they are required to "assume a most powerful and binding oath, inseparably uniting yourself with us, and once taken, it can never be retracted or departed from."
This oath is curse enough, being four pagethe length. Its penalty includes "Having my eyeball pierced in the center with a three-edged blade."
The revelation of truth is in the candidates sealing of the oath, revealing the true nature of the masonic god of the Mystic Shrine. "...and may ALLAH the god of Arab, Moslem and Mohammedan, the GOD OF OUR FATHERS, support me to the entire fulfillment of the same, Amen, Amen, Amen. "7
I AM THAT I AM
During the ceremonies of the ritual for the Royal Arch degree, the candidate is asked: "Brother Inspector, what are you?" and he replies: "I AM THAT I AM." Can you imagine that? When Moses asked God to name Himself, God said, "I AM THAT I AM" and He said, "Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you" (Exodus 3:14).
Tell me how a Christian can take to himself the Biblical name of God of Israel? The God of the Christian faith said:
THE MASTER MASON - A GOD IN THE MAKING
"Man, is a god in the making, and as in the mystic myths of Egypt, on the potter's wheel he is being molded. When His light shines out to lift and preserve all things, he receives the triple crown of godhood and joins that throng of MASTER MASONS who, in their robes of blue and gold, are seeking to dispel the darkness of night with the triple light of the Masonic Lodge.
"The glorious privileges of a Master Mason are in keeping with his greater knowledge and wisdom ... For him the heavens have opened and the Great Light has bathed him in its radiance.
The Prodigal Son, so long a wanderer in the regions of darkness, has returned to his Father's house. The voice speaks from the Heavens, its power thrilling the Master until his own being seems filled with its divinity, saying, 'This is my beloved Son, (the Master Mason) in truth becomes the spokesman of the Most High. He stands between the glowing fire of light and the world. Through him passes HYDRA, the great snake, and from its mouth pours to man the light of God."8
Friend, there is only One for whom the Father uttered those words and He wasn't a Master Mason ... nor in whom I am well pleased.' He will it ever be so. Jesus Christ is God's only mediator for me and you. Do not let any MAN ever tell you that he is, or that you may become, the spokesman for the Most High. Further, if you believe that God speaks through HYDRA, the great snake, then your god comes right out of the pit itself!
OTHER TEACHINGS AND PRACTICES. MASONS USURP THE PRIESTHOOD OF JESUS CHRIST.
In the 19th level of the Scottish Rite Freemasonry, the initiate receives the degree of GRAND PONTIFF. It is during this ritual that the candidate swears an oath of secrecy and an oath of total obedience "to any Chapter of this degree to which I may belong; and the edicts, laws and mandates of the Grand Consistory of Sublime Princes and Commanders of the Royal Secret, as well as to those of the Supreme Council of the 33rdo ...."
At this time the "Thrice Puissant" anoints him with oil on the crown of his head and says: "Be thou a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek."
AFTER RECEIVING THE PASSWORD (Emmanuel) and the sacred word (Alleluia), he is dressed in a robe of white linen and given ahcordon (ribbon or sash of honor worn across the breast) of crimson color, with 12 stars representing the 12 gates of the "new city," and the twelve signs of the Zodiac, the twelve fruits of the tree of life, the twelve tribes of Israel, and the twelve Apostles." 9
It must be pointed out that what has taken place here, is the Masonic priesthood taking upon itself the Holy Priesthood of Jesus Christ. That is a Priesthood that can be held by only One person and that one person is clearly defined in Scripture as Jesus Christ.
In chapters seven and eight of the book of Hebrews, we are told that it was ANOTHER Priest who would be raised up, not a group of priests! This Priest would be our HIGH PRIEST and would be able to save to the uttermost! He would have "endless life!" The holder of this Priesthood would be "holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens" (Heb. 7:26). This is Jesus Christ, our Holy Lord and God!
This Masonic ritual takes Christ's Holy Priesthood from Him, and the Grand Pontiff boldly puts it upon his own breast. Even the use of Biblical words fails to cover up the adding in of the "signs of the Zodiac," a direct alliance with the powers of darkness and a demonstration of disobedience to God's Word. (See Deut. 18:19-12). Here it says that he who "useth divination" (consulting the signs of the Zodiac to tell the future), or is an observer of times (which is an ancient description of the astrologer who deals with the Zodiac) "is an abomination unto the Lord."
Here again we see the image of biblical truth. The Priesthood of Jesus Christ is given to the deceiver, Lucifer, the true god of Masonry, who hides behind its mystery, ritual and allegory to snare its prey.
WASHED IN THEIR OWN BLOOD
In the seventeenth degree, or KNIGHTS OF THE EAST AND WEST, after the candidates have completed the initiation and after revealing the password (JUBULUM) and the Sacred Word (Abaddon), the Senior Warden conducts the candidate to the elevated vacant canopy at the right of the "ALL PUSSIANT."
This is suppose to represent the end of the world when all good Masons receive their reward by being conducted to a throne at the right hand of the ALL PUSSIANT, having been purified by washing their robes in their own blood.
In the lecture which follows between the ALL PUSSIANT and the Senior Warden, the Book with Seven Seals -which none but one can open (Rev. 5:5) - is twisted to represent "A Lodge or Council of Masons which the ALL PUSSIANT alone has the right to convene or open."
The Fourth Seal is represented by a skull or "death's head," and Masons are told it "is the image of a brother
A MASONIC APRON
WITH SYMBOLIC FIGURES
who is excluded from a Lodge or Council." The Fifth Seal is represented by a "cloth stained with blood." The ALL PUSSIANT identifies this as a symbol "that we should not hesitate to spill ours for the good of Masonry."10
What a gross misrepresentation of God's Holy Word. First and foremost, it is Christ and He alone who "Hath prevailed to open the book and loose the seven seals thereof" (Rev. 5:5). To presume that honor and power is to deny Christ, or yet in deeper perversity, to replace His power and authority with that of the "ALL PUSSIANT," even in the representation of the power to save and to enthrone. This is the very spirit of "anti-Christ!"
Again, another clue to the true identity of the Masonic Deity is revealed in the Sacred Word of the ritual, ABADDON. In Rev. 9:11 we learn that "they (the demons and workers from hell) had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is ABADDON."
MASONIC BLOOD OATHS ARE NOT OF CHRIST!
Throughout rituals of the BLUELODGES, and through the 33o 's of FREEMASONRY the candidates are sworn to secrecy by blood oaths. Such as is the oath sworn by the Entered Apprentice or First Degree:
RAISING THE DEAD
It is in this final BLUE LODGE degree that the candidate is laid out "in death" and is raised from the dead by the Worshipful Master of the Lodge, who represents King Solomon and using the "strong grip" (or Lion's paw) of the Master Mason.
Let no Mason deceive you! We are facing again this replacement of our Savior by the power and authority of Lucifer. Paul said that if anyone should preach any other gospel "than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed" (Gal. 1:8, 9).
The simplicity of the Gospel is this:
1 "Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I have preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;
2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I have preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures;
4 And that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures."'12
The infinite power of Jesus Christ was confirmed by Him when he said: "ALL power is given unto ME in heaven and in earth" (Matt. 28:28). This power belongs to Him alone! "For if by one man's offense death reigned by one; much more they that received abundance of grace and the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ" (Rom. 5:17).
Jesus Christ was the one who rose from the dead. Jesus Christ is the only One who has the power to raise from the dead. Jesus Christ is the only One who can free us from the sting of death!
How can a Mason who calls himself Christian, allow himself to partake of a ritual resurrection by the power of Lucifer? This is Satanic! He stands, having been born again and raised from the dead as a Master Mason, through the power of the Masonic god, whom the God of Israel cast into the pit!
MASONIC OATHS ABOVE THE LAW
On the "five points of fellowship," he and his "savior" pass the sacred word: MAH-HAH-BONE!
Also, while in this position, the new Master Mason solemnly vows: "3rd, Breast to Breast: that you will ever keep in your breast a brother's secrets, when communicated to you and receive such, murder and treason excepted."13
PAGAN COMMUNION - EATING THE DEAD!
"Question: What is to us (Masons) the chief symbol of man's ultimate redemption and regeneration?"
"Answer: The fraternal supper, of bread which nourishes, and of wine which refreshes and exhilarates, symbolic of the time which is to come, when all mankind shall be one great harmonious brotherhood; and teaching us these great lessons: that as matter changes ever, but no single atom is annihilated, it is not rational to suppose that the far nobler soul does not continue to exist beyond the grave: that many thousands who have died might claim to be joint owners with ourselves of the particles which compose our physical bodies; for matter ever forms new combinations; and the bodies of the ancient dead, the patriarchs before and since the flood, the kings and the common people of all ages, resolve into their constituent elements, are carried upon the wind over all continents, and continually enter into and form part of the habitation of new souls, creating new bonds of sympathy and brotherhood between each man that lives and all his race. AND THUS, IN THE BREAD WE EAT, AND THE WINE WE DRINK TONIGHT MAY WE ENTER INTO AND FROM OF US PART OF US THE IDENTICAL PARTICLES OF MATTER THAT ONCE FORMED THE MATERIAL BODIES CALLED Moses, Confucius, Plato, Socrates, and Jesus of Nazareth. In the truest sense, we eat and drink the bodies of the dead; and cannot say that there is a single atom of our blood or body, the ownership of which some other soul might not dispute with us."14
COME OUT FROM AMONG THEM!
If you are a Christian and a Mason, I exhort you in the name of your Savior, Jesus Christ, to:
"Come out from among them and be ye separate, saith the LORD, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you" (2 Cor. 6:17).
"This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. Neither is there salvation in any other; for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved" (Acts 4:11, 12).
"According to the peace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereon. For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ" (1 Cor. 3:10-11).
"Whereupon God also hath highly exalted Him (Jesus Christ) and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that ever tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is LORD, to the glory of God the Father" (Phil. 2:9-11).
CHOOSE ONE OR THE OTHER
As Elijah called out to Israel in 1 Kings 18:18, 21:
There is no other choice for you my Masonic friend. If you are a Mason and profess Christ as Savior, either renounce your Christian faith and follow Lucifer or renounce Masonry. There is no way you can cling to both!
Every BLUELODGE member who reads this book and especially this chapter, can no longer maintain his defense by claiming ignorance. Today, Masonry stands revealed in all its Satanic deceitfulness. Today, you must make your choice.
1. Albert G. Mackey, Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, Revised Edition (1921) pp. 618-619.
2. Manly P. Hall, 33o, The Lost Keys of Freemasonry, p.65.
3. Arthur Waite, A New Encyclopedia of Freemasonry (1970) p. xxiv.
4. Mackey, Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, p.525.
5. Manly P. Hall, Lost Keys of Freemasonry, p.48.
6. Instructions to tor="3 Supreme Councils of the World, Albert Pike, Grand Commander, Sovereign Pontiff of Universal Freemasonry, July 14, 1889. Recorded by A. C. De LaRive, La Femme et l'Enfant dans la Franc-Maconnerie Universelle, p.588.
7. The Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, pp. 35-39.
8 Manly P. Hall, The Lost Keys of Freemasonry, pp. 54, 55.
9. Scottish Rite Masonry Illustrated, "The Complete Ritual," Vol. 2, pp. 26, 27.
10. From: Scottish Rite Masonry Illustrated, "The Complete Ritual," Vol. 1, pp. 453, 456, 457.
11 From: Duncan's Ritual of Freemasonry.
12. 1 Corinthians 15:1-5.
13. Duncan's Rituals, Revised and Complete, pp. 35, 96.
14 Albert Pike, Dogma and Doctrine, p.539.
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